1985 - 17th Biennial Conference - Lexington, KY

Held at the University of Kentucky

Technical Program

Carbonization and Graphitization (CG)
Diffusion in Porous Carbon Artifacts
T. G. Politis and C. F. Chang
Pitch Carbonization
T. G. Politis and C. F. Chang
Kinetics of Petroleum Pitch Polymerization by Gel Permeation Chromatography
R. A. Greinke
Kinetics Studies of Carbonization of Pure Aromatic Hydrocarbons
D. K. Banerjee
Kinetics of Carbon Formation Over Iron-Foils from CO and CO/He Mixtures
E. D. Fernandez-Raone and A. I. LaCava
Carbonization of Some Organic Polymers previously Impregnated with Fe(NO3)3
J. D. Lopez-Gonzalez, A. Guerrero-Ruiz, F. Rodriguez-Reinoso and I. Rodriguez-Ramos
Reflux Pretreatment of Hydropyrene and Its Chemistry
Y. Korai, H. Hatano and I. Mochida
Synthesis and Characterization of Mesophase Spheres from Hydropyrene
I. Mochida, Y. Korai, H. Fujitsu and H. Hatano
Carbonization of Pitch in Porosity
C. S. Latham and H. Marsh
Development of Pore Size Distribution and Physical Properties of Carbons During Baking
R. Heilman and D. Kehr
Characterization of Charcoals by Adsorption and Immersion Techniques
J. B. Donnet, A. Addoun, F. Addoun and P. Ehrburger
Texture of Active Carbons
J. B. Donnet
Electrical Resistivity Measurements of Carbon Electrodes
C. Q. Nguyen
Puffing of Carbon Artifacts During Graphitization
M. H. Wagner and I. Letizia
The Chemical Vapor Deposition of Carbon in Open-Ended Capillary Tubes
Y. Sohda and R. J. Diefendorf
Aromatic Asphaltenes, Part II: Asphaltenes of Heavy Aromatics
G. B. Dickakian
Effect of Heat Treatment on the Properties of Asphaltenes from Bitumen
B. N. Nandi, J. A. MacPhee and D. J. Patmore
Mesophase Formation in Hydrocarbon Fractions of Bitumen
B. N. Nandi, D. J. Patmore, D. K. Banerjee and K. J. Laidler
Compatibility of Fractions for the Development of Liquid Crystal State from Mesophase Pitch
I. Mochida, Y. Sone and Y. Korai
Development of Anisotropic Texture in Co-Carbonization of Low Rank Coal and Pitch
T. Yokono, S. Iyama and Y. Sanada
Coal Evaluation Method Based on Compatibility of Coal and Pitch
K. Nakamura, M. Mori, T. Yokono and Y. Sanada
Effect of Alkaline Hydroxides in the Carbonization of Coals
P. Ehrburger, A. Addoun, F. Addoun and J. B. Donnet
Carbonization and Graphitization of the Mesophase Separated from Coal Extract
S. Jasienko and U. Swietlik
The Dependence of Coal Properties on Heat Consumption for Carbonization
M. Hijiriyama, A. Kitahara and S. Nishida
High beta-Resin Pitch From Coal Tar Using Submerged Combustion Flame
Y. Yokomichi, Y. Matsumura, M. Saito and T. Maeda
Delayed Cokes from Solvent Refined Coals
M. B. Dell
Reflux Modification of Ehylene Tar (ETP) into Mesophase Pitch Precursor with Less Amounts of Aluminum Chloride
I. Mochida, Y. Sone and Y. Korai
Roles of Extrahydrogen in the Preparation of Mesophase Pitch
Y. D. Park, Y. Korai and I. Mochida
Preparation of Anisotropic Pitch by the Carbonization Under Vacuum
Y. D. Park, Y. Korai and I. Mochida
EPR/ENDOR of Separated Fractions of Mesophase Pitches
L. S. Singer, I. C. Lewis and D. M. Riffle
Investigation of the Early Stage of Carbonization for Petroleum Pitch by Means of High-Temperature 1H-NMR and ESR
K. Azami, T. Yokono, Y. Sanada and S. Uemura
Pitch-Mesophase-Carbon Transformation Diagrams for a Variety of Pitches
B. Rand, M. Benn and S. Whitehouse
Oxidation Stabilization of the Carbonaceous Mesophase
J. L. White and P. M. Sheaffer
Mesophase/Isotropic Phase Interfacial Energy: Determination from Droplet Coalescence Kinetics
G. W. Smith, J. L. White and M. Buechler
Rheological Characteristics of Mesophase Forming Pitch Materials up to 500 °C
G. Bhattia, E. Fitzer and D. Kompalik
Flow Properties and Glass Transition of Coal Tar Pitches
P. Ehrburger, J-L. Saint-Romain, J. Lahaye and P. Couderc
Thermotropic Behaviors of the Mesophase Pitch Derived from Coal Tar Pitches
T. Tosu, Y. Korai and I. Mochida
Kinetic Studies on the Carbonization Reactivities of Coal Tar Pitches
T. Tosu, H. Nagino and I. Mochida
Carbonization of Coker Feedstocks and their Fractions
S. Eser, R. G. Jenkins, M. Malladi and F. J. Derbyshire
A Tube Bomb as a Model for Delayed Coker
I. Mochida, Y. Nesumi and Y. Korai
Evaluation of Petroleum Residues and Pitches as the Needle Coke Feedstock
I. Mochida, Y. Nesumi and Y. Korai
Calcination - The Effect of Maximum Heat Treatment Temperature on the Properties of Coke (Part II)
M. H. Wagner, H. Pauls, H. Tillmanns and G. Wilhelmi
Structure and Synthesis of Shot Coke
I. Mochida, T. Furuno, Y. Korai and H. Fujitsu
Structure in Shot Coke
C. Calvert, H. Marsh and J. Bacha
Influencing Factors on the Strength of Formed Coke Produced from Copreheated Coals
Y. Korai, K. Nagayama, T. Shimohara, T. Okuhara and I. Mochida

Intercalation Science (IS)
Charge-Transfer-Induced Shifts in the c-axis Longitudinal Phonons of Graphite-H2SO4
P. C. Eklund, J. L. Zerestky and W. A. Kamitakahara
13C NMR of Intercalation Compounds of Graphite and other Benzenoid Systems
L. B. Ebert, A. R. Garcia and D. R. Mills
13C NMR and Charge Transfer in Graphite Intercalation Compounds
T. Tsang and H. A. Resing
Resonance Raman Scattering from the High Frequency Intralayer Phonons in Graphite H2SO4 via Interband Absorption
P. C. Eklund, J. G. Spolar, G. D. Mahan and E. T. Arakawa
A General Theory for the Kinetics of Intercalation of Graphite
D. D. L. Chung and S. H. Anderson Axdal
Reaction of Chloroacids with Graphite
E. Stumpp, K. Klink and C. Ehrhardt
The Reaction of Potassium and Potassium Salts with Carbons of Different HTT and Structure
H. Marsh, N. Murdie and M-F. Lin
Intercalation of Perfluoroalkylsulfonic Acids in Graphite
H. P. Boehm and B. Ruisinger
The Preparation of Graphite Salts Using Anodic Oxidation Method
X. Zhong-yu and M. Ziao-wen
Alkali-Metal Diffusion in Ternary Graphite Intercalation Compounds
P. C. Chow and H. Zabel
The Effect of Hydrogen Doping on the Superconducting Transition Temperature of KHG-GIC
G. Roth, A. Chaiken, T. Enoki, N. C. Yeh, G. Dresselhaus and P. Tedrow
Electron Transport in GIC's with IC1
Y. Ohta, K. Kawamura and T. Tsuzuku
Charge Transfer and Diamagnetism of Halogen Residue Compounds of Pyrocarbons and Their Hysteretic Behavior at High Temperatures
A. Marchand and P. Espelette
Effect of Heat of Intercalation on Graphite Temperature
Ching-cheh Hung
Anticorrelation of Shubnikov-deHaas Amplitudes and Negative Magnetoresistances in Intercalated Graphite Fibers
J. A. Woollam, V. Natarajan and B. Brandt
Electromechanical and Electrical Behavior of Intercalated Graphite
D. D. L. Chung and Lan Wai Wong
Exfoliation of Benzene-Derived Graphite Fibers
H. Jimenez-Gonzalez, G. Roth and M. S. Dresselhaus
Effect of Intercalation Rate on Bromine Intercalated Graphite Fiber Quality
D. Jaworske
A Comparison of Electrical Properties of Unintercalated, and Intercalated Vapor Grown and Pitch Based Carbon Fibers
J. A. Woollam, R. O. Dillon, D. E. Meyer, S. Nafis, D. J. Sellmyer and J. Ho
Homogeneity of Pristine and Bromine Intercalated Graphite Fibers
J. R. Gaier and D. Marino
A Gravimetric Study of Intercalation and Deintercalation of Various Quantities of Graphite Fibers
Ching-cheh Hung
Orientation of Graphite Planes in Carbon Fibers via Carbon-13 NMR Spectroscopy
H. A. Resing, J. Milliken, D. D. Dominguez and L. E. Iton
The Gibbs Phase Diagram for Potassium-Ammonia-Carbon Ternary Graphite Intercalation Compounds
Y. B. Fan and S. A. Solin
Preferred Orientation of Ammonia in KC24(NH3)4.3 Found by Proton NMR Spectroscopy
H. A. Resing, B. R. York, S. A. Solin and R. M. Fromko
Structural Properties and Magnetic Susceptibility of Potassium-Hydrogen Intercalated Graphite
N. C. Yeh, T. Enoki, L. Salamanca-Riba and G. Dresselhaus
Electrical Properties of KH-Graphite Ternary Compounds: C4nKHx
T. Enoki, N. C. Yeh, G. Roth, G. Dresselhaus and M. S. Dresselhaus
Novel Ternary Donor-Acceptor Heterostructure: Stage 1 COCl2-K-GIC
M. Suzuki, P. C. Chow and H. Zabel
X-Ray Study of Single Crystal Stage 4 MoCl5-Graphite Intercalation Compound
P. C. Chow, M. Suzuki and H. Zabel
Structural Characteristics of Sulfuric-Acid Graphite Compounds During Electrochemical Intercalation
W. A. Kamitakahara, J. L. Zarestky and P. C. Eklund
High Resolution Electron Microscopy Studies of SbCl5-GIC
L. Salamanca-Riba, J. M. Gibson and G. Dresselhaus
Characterization of CuCl2 Intercalated Graphite Powders by Thermal Analysis and X-Ray Diffraction
G. P. Davis, A. R. McGhie and A. E. Wright
Structure and Phase Transitions of Graphite Intercalated with Bromine
D. D. L. Chung

Surface Science (SS)
Bynary Vapor Adsorption by Activated Carbon Under Dynamic Flow Conditions
L. A. Jonas and E. B. Sansone
Techniques for Determining Mixed Vapor Adsorption on Activated Carbon
W. C. Russell, K. B. Patel, H. Patel and P. J. Reucroft
Dynamic and Equilibrium Mixed Vapor Adsorption Studies on Activated Carbon
K. B. Patel, W. C. Russell, H. Patel and P. J. Reucroft
Dynamics of Multicomponent Adsorption in Fixed Bed Carbon Columns
I. Zwiebel and J. A. Rehrmann
Adsorbent Surface Area Determination by Measurement of Adsorption from Liquid Mixtures
S. Sircar
Surface Complexes on Activated Carbons for Removal of Metal Ions from Water
J. Rivera-Utrilla and M. A. Ferro-Garcia
Adsorption of Halogens by Activated Carbon and Fresh and Oxidised Coals
N. M. Rodriguez and H. Marsh
Influence of Particle Boundary Area on the Dynamic Adsorption from Air-Vapor Mixtures
V. R. Deitz, J. A. Rehrmann and J. V. Pistritto
Cyclic Adsorption of Hydrogen Cyanide Cyanogen Chloride and Phosgene on BPL Carbon
A. H. Weiss and C. M. Venkat
The Determination of Pore Structure in Graphites from Low Pressure Gas Flow Measurements
T. J. Mays and B. McEnaney
Porosity Measurements in Prebaked Pitch-Coke Artifacts
J. Lahaye, C. Dreyer, P. Ehrburger and J. L. Lemarchand
CO2 vs N2 as Adsorbates for the Characterization of Microporous Carbons
F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, A. Linares-Solano, J. M. Martin-Martinez, J. Garrido-Segovia and M. Molina-Sabio
The Determination of Micropore Volumes of Active Carbons using Nonane Preadsorption and Isotherm Subtraction
A. Linares-Solano, J. M. Martin-Martinez, B. McEnaney and F. Rodriguez-Reinoso
Collapse Srength of Thermal Black Pellets Briquettes Containing Varying Amounts of Adsorbate
A. J. Juhola
Mathematical Modelling of Diffusive Potentials within Carbon Molecular Sieves
M. B. Rao, R. G. Jenkins and W. A. Steele
Inferences on the Mechanism of Adsorption in Supermicropores from Potential Calculations or Noble Gas Adsorption
M. B. Rao and R. G Jenkins
Aging of Cupric Oxide Supported on Activated Carbon
P. Ehrburger, J-M. Henlin and J. Lahaye
Effect of Carbon Surface Oxidation on the Catalytic Properties of Carbon-Supported Metals
A. W. Scaroni, G. M. K. Abotsi, J. M. Solar and F. J. Derbyshire
Chemisorption, Desorption and Hydrogenation of CO on Fe/Active Carbon Catalysts
J. D. Lopez-Gonzalez, A. Guerrero-Ruiz and I. Rodriguez-Ramos
Kinetic Study of NO Reduction with Ammonia over PAN-ACF Activated with Sulfuric Acid
Y. Komatsubara, I. Mochida, H. Fujitsu, T. Mozojiri and S. Ida
Catalytic Dehydrogenation Properties of Supported Carbons
J. F. Roth
Hydrogen Pulsing as a Measure of Chemical Activity of ASC Whetlerite
A. Sacco, Jr. and J. Hammarstrom
Iron Catalized Activation of Almond Shells in CO2
F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, M. Almela-Alarcon, A. Linares-Solano, C. Salinas-Martinez de Lecea and A. Sepulveda-Escribano
Steam vs CO2 Activation in the Development of the Porous Texture of Activated Carbons
F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, A. Linares-Solano, M. Molina-Sabio and I. Perez-Lledo
Carbon Molecular Sieves Produced by the Fixation of Sulphur Surface Complexes
I. Fernandez-Morales, F. J. Lopez-Garzon, M. Domingo-Garcia and C. Moreno-Castilla
Study by Gas-Chromatography of the Variation of the Adsorptive Properties of a Graphitized Carbon Black Upon Air Oxidation
F. J. Lopez-Garzon, C. Moreno-Castilla and M. Domingo-Garcia
Development of Mesoporosity in Activated Charcoals Cloths
J. J. Freeman, F. G. R. Gimblett, R. A. Roberts and K. S. W. Sing
Effect of Activated Carbon Pore Structure on Dynamic Adsorption Zone, Paper II
A. J. Juhola

Reactivity and Oxidation (RO)
Catalytic Gasification of Carbons of Different Optical Textures
H. Marsh and C. Calvert
Kinetics and FTIR Studies of the Catalytic Gasification of Coal Chars
E. E. Wolf and S. J. Yuh
Reversible Gasification/Deposition Behavior of Iron Particles on Graphite in Ethane/Steam
R. T. K. Baker and R. D. Sherwood Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide on Carbon-Supported Metal Oxides
V. R. Deitz and E. J. Poziomek
Outgassing and CO2 Gasification of Potassium Carbonate/Carbon: Influence of Catalyst Content
F. Kapteijn, G. Abbel and J. Moulijn
Reduction of NOx over Carbon Supported Catalysts
F. Kapteijn, A. J. C. Mierop and J. Moulijn
Interactions between Carbon and Alkali Metals During Catalytic Carbon Gasification
F. Shadman and D. A. Sams
Eutectic Salt Catalysts for Graphite and Coal Char Gasification
D. W. McKee, C. L. Spiro, P. G. Kosky and E. J. Lamby
The Mechanism of the Catalytic Gasification of Carbons: The Current State of Our Understanding
B. J. Wood
Effect of Small Concentrations of CO on Rate of Gasification of Spectroscopic Graphite in O2
J. M. Ranish and P. L. Walker, Jr.
The Effects of Chlorine Pretreatment on the Reactivity of Graphite in Air
D. W. McKee and C. L. Spiro
Reactivity of Carbon Reductants for Smelting Applications
M. D. Young, K. M. Panichella and V. D. Dosaj
An Approach for Enhancing the Stability of Bipolar Plate Materials Through Application of a Glassy Carbon Coating
J. MacDonald and P. Stonehart
Combustion of Coal Particles in a High Temperature Gradient
J. Lahaye, D. Froelich, G. Prado and S. Corbel
Oxidation of Soot in a Diffusion Flame
G. Prado, J. Lahaye and A. Garo
The Role of the Surface Complex in the Kinetics of the Reaction of Oxygen with Carbon
M. H. Back and S. Ahmed
Oxidative Degradation of Carbons in Alkaline Media
G. Mair, T. Stohr and H. P. Boehm
Factors Controlling the Mode by Which a Catalyst Operates in the Graphite-Oxygen Reaction
R. T. K. Baker
The Influence of Heat Treatment of the Matrix on Physical Properties of Carbon-Carbon Composites
L. A. Feldman, S. R. Gyetvay and R. A. Meyer
Hydrogasification of Carbons from Coals to Produce Methane: Kinetics and Catalysis
H. Marsh, R. F. Watson and I. A. S. Edwards
A Study of the C+H2 Reaction, Taking into Account H2 Chemisorption
A. S. Feedosev
Monolayer Channeling Mechanism in the Platinum Catalyzed Graphite-Hydrogen Reaction
P. J. Goethel and R. T. Yang
Hydrogen Chemisorption in the Mechanism of Gas-Carbon Reactions
R. T. Yang and K. L. Yang
The Use of Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams to Investigate Carbon Formation from Multicomponent Gas Mixtures Over Transition Metals
A. Sacco, Jr.
A Study of Carbon Formation on Noble-Metal Steam Reforming Catalysts
J. G. McCarty, B. J. Wood and H. Wise
Carbon Deposit and Metal Surface Morphology during Hydrocarbon Synthesis
K. C. Khulbe, M. H. Back and J. Galuszka

Electronic and Properties of Carbon and Graphite Systems (EP)
Electrical Properties of Ion Implanted Polydiacetylene Crystals
M. Sakamoto, B. Wasserman, M. S. Dresselhaus and G. E. Wnek
Optical Properties of Amorphous Carbon Films by Ion Sputtering Technique
Y. F. Ohashi and S. Masaki
Optical and Microstructural Studies of "Diamondlike" Carbon Films using Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
G. H. Bu-Abbud, P. Snyder, J. A. Woollam, J. Oh, J. Lamb and A. K. Rai
A Chemical Theory of Graphite
S. E. Stein and R. L. Brown
Dielectric Response of "Diamondlike" Carbon Films Prepared by RF Plasma Deposition
J. D. Lamb and J. A. Woollam
Thermoelectric Power of Glassy Carbon
Y. Kaburagi, Y. Hishiyama, D. F. Baker and R. H. Bragg
Evaluation of the Critical Commutating Current Densities of Carbon Brushes by Thermal Shock Testing
S. Sato, A. Kurumada, Y. Sho and S. Motegi
Negative Magnetoresistance of Carbon Fibers
K. Sugihara and M. S. Dresselhaus
Magnetoresistance of Graphite Fibers: II. Experimental
M. Z. Tahar, K. Sugihara, M. S. Dresselhaus, I. Rahim and J. Heremans
Electrical Resistivity and Magnetoresistance of Graphite Fibers: II. Theoretical
K. Sugihara, I. Rahim, M. Z. Tahar and M. S. Dresselhaus
Electrical Properties of Graphitic Pitch-Based Fibers at High Pressure
P. D. Hambourger
Hydrostatic Pressure Piezoresistance of Carbon Fibers
D. B. Fischbach
The Temperature Dependence of the Thermoelectric Power and Electrical Conductivity of Graphite Fibers
J. P. Heremans
The Thermal Conductivity of Graphite Fibers
J. P. Heremans
The Thermal Conductivity of Vapor-Grown Graphite Fibers: Relation to their Microstructure
J. P. Heremans and C. P. Beetz, Jr.

Fibers and Composites (FC)
Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fibers Grown by the Pyrolysis of Natural Gas
C. P. Beetz, Jr., W. E. Yetter and G. W. Budd
Length Distributions of Carbon Fibers Grown from Natural Gas
G. G. Tibbetts
Vapor-grown Carbon Fibers obtained by Fluid Ultra-Fine Catalytic Particles
M. Endo, M. Shikata, T. Momose and M. Shiraishi
Morphology of Heat-treated Benzene-derived Carbon Fiber
A. Yoshida, Y. Hishiyama and M. Endo
Effects of Weak Interfaces on Thermal Expansion of 3D Carbon-Carbon Composites
J. Jortner
The Physical Chemistry of the Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Resin Interface
R. J. Diefendorf and C. E. Uzoh
Effect of HTT on the Physical Properties of Carbon Fibers
L. Min-jing and J. Dong-hua
Carbon Fibers: I. Physical Characterization of Pitch and PAN Fibers
I. M. K. Ismail
Carbon Fibers: II. Oxidation of Pitch and PAN Fibers
I. M. K. Ismail
Morphology and Oxidative Stabilization of Acrylic Precursor Fibers
A. S. Abhiraman, M. Balasubramanian, M. K. Jain and P. Desai
Evolution of Structure and Properties in Continuous Carbon Fiber Formation
A. S. Abhiraman, M. Balasubramanian and M. K. Jain
Pre-Heat Treatment of Carbon Fibers for all Carbon Composites (CFRC)
E. Fitzer, A. Gkogkidis and A. Rajamohan
The Surface Groups in HT-Carbon Fibres and their Contribution to the Adhesion in CFRP's
E. Fitzer and H. Jager
A Theoretical Calculation of Residual Stresses in Carbon Fibers
R. J. Diefendorf and K-J. Chen
The Effect of Heat Treatment on the Structure and Properties of Mesophase Precursor Carbon Fibers
G. D. D'Abate and R. J. Diefendorf
High Temperature Creep Effects in Carbon Yarns and Composites
L. A. Feldman
Magnetic Field Alignment of Carbon Composite Matrix
J. Zimmer and R. Weitz
Characterization of Carbon-Carbon Composite Materials
B. A. Ford, R. G. Cooke and B. Harris
Carbon Fiber Efficiency in Thin Carbon-Carbon Panels
D. F. Baker and P. C. Pinoli
The Strength Distribution in Etched Carbon Fibers
K-J. Chen and R. J. Diefendorf
Chemical Barrier Nonwoven Fabrics Containing Active Carbon Fibers
E. C. Homonoff, C. A. Rodman and G. N. Arons
Comparison of the Influence of Cutting Methods on Mechanical Strength Between New Glass-Like Carbon Composites and Conventional Glassy Carbon
S. Murakami, Y. Komatsu, T. Uemura and T. Obinata
Carbon Chemistry of Carbon/TiB2 Composites
A. V. Cooke and D. C. Nagle
Parameter Study of Carbon/Carbon in Hot Pressing Applications
W. Huettner and R. Weiss
Magnaweave and Carbon-Carbon Composite Shapes
R. A. Florentine and A. Martella, Jr.

Nuclear Applications (NA)
Parametric Investigations on the Retention of Methyl Iodide by Activated Carbons
H. Deuber and K. Gerlach
Investigations on the Aging of Activated Carbons in the Exhaust Air of Pressurized Water Reactors
H. Deuber, K. Gerlach and R. Kaempffer
Oxidation Kinetics Study on HTGR Graphites, 2020 and PGX
Bom Soon Lee and J. H. Heiser, III
The Influence of Radiolytic and Thermal Oxidation on the Mechanical Properties of Nuclear Graphites
T. D. Burchell, R. G. Cooke, B. McEnaney and I. M. Pickup
The Influence of Grain Size Distribution on a Fracture Criterion for Graphites
T. D. Burchell, B. McEnaney, A. P. G. Rose and M. O. Tucker
Effects of Fast Neutron Irradiation on Carbon Fibers
R. J. Price, G. R. Hopkins and G. B. Engle
Materials for Sliding Ring Seals of the German Spallation Neutron Source
R.-E. Schulze, W. Delle, H. Nickel, H. A. Schulze, W. F. Sommer and K. H. Victor
Warm-Moulded Graphitic Matrix for Spherical HTR Fuel Elements
W. Delle, R.-E. Schulze, L. Binkele, G. Haag, W. Heit and H. A. Schulze
Results of the Visual In-Pile Inspection of the Inner Graphite Reflector of the AVR
W. Delle, N. Kirch, H. Nickel and E. Ziermann

Characterization and Structure (CS)
Viscosity and WLF-Type Behavior of Mesophase Pitches
F. F. Nazem and I. C. Lewis
Quantitative Determination of Anisotropic Domain Size in Mesophase Pitch
R. T. Lewis, I. C. Lewis, R. A. Greinke and S. L. Strong
High Resolution 13C-NMR Spectroscopy of Neat Coal Extracts and Coal Tar Pitches
N. Komatsu, T. Nishizawa, T. Takahashi and K. Shimasaki
Supercritical Solvent Extraction of Lignite to Form Carbonaceous Chars
J. Dollimore, M. Swanson and R. Hefta
Preferred Orientation of the Internal Structure of Carbon Layers in Carbon Fibers
W. Ruland and R. Plaetschke
An Estimation of the Degree of Surface Heterogeneity of Carbons
K. C. Nagpal, D. K. Suri and P. T. John
Characteristics and Structure of a New Fine Particle Graphite Material
F. T. Frick, W. H. Brixius and L. D. Fiel
Thermal Expansion Coefficients of Baked and Graphitized Carbon Extrudates
R. S. Downing and D. A. Borger
An Improved Method for the Rapid, Small-Scale Determination of the Thermal Expansion Coefficient of Needle Coke
D. A. Borger and R. S. Downing
TEM and TED Observations of Carbon Films Produced by Plasma CVD of Propane Gas
Y. Ichinose, Y. Hirotsu and F. Iyama
Particle Size of Coke Filler Fines
W. Bradshaw and J. Lowe
Trace Elements Distributions of a Granular Activated Carbon
K. T. Alben
NMR Spin-Lattice (T1) Measurement on Carbon Materials
S. B. Tilden
Conversion of the Broad EPR Signals to Intermediate Linewidth During the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Blacks in Dispersion
J. R. Harbour and M. J. Walzak
Raman Studies of Graphitic Carbon Modified by High Power Laser Irradiation
J. Steinbeck, G. Braunstein, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, T. Venkatesan and D. Jacobson
Surface Graphitization of Glass-Like Carbons: Microprobe Raman Observations
D. B. Fischbach and F. Cruege

Mechanical and Thermal Properties (MT)
Thermal Diffusivity Measurements of Carbon Insulations
R. E. Taylor, H. Groot and R. L. Shoemaker
Mechanical Properties of Isotropic Pyrolytic Carbon Deposited in a Tumbling Bed
Jai-Young Lee, Choon W. O and S. M. Oh
Die Swell of Carbonaceous Mixes
W-M. Shen, F. F. Nazem
Critical Pressure-Velocity Values of Carbons for Mechanical Seals Evaluated by Thermal Shock Testings
S. Sato, J. Aizawa and K. Kawamata
Puffing in Cokes - A Possible Mechanism
I. Mochida and H. Marsh
Extrusion Process Modeling
W-M. Shen and C-F. Chang
An Analysis of Tensile Failure Process of 3-D Carbon-Carbon Composites
J. Dong-Hua and L. Min-Jing
Modeling Electrode Joints in Bending
R. E. Smith
Prediction of Strength for Graphite with Density Gradient
S. Yoda, T. Sogabe, M. Eto and T. Oku
Fracture Mechanics Analysis of Extruded Graphites
E. P. Kennedy
Fracture Toughness of Anisotropic Graphites
C. R. Kennedy and M. T. Kehne

Industrial Applications (IA)
Wetting of Filler by Binder - A Simple Apparatus for Determining Wetting Temperatures
E. A. Heintz
Quality Assessment of Binder Pitches
M. H. Wagner, I. Letizia, S. Giannini, H. Tillmanns and G. Wilhelmi
Rheological Properties and Behavior of Modified Coal Tar Pitch in Soderberg Use
R. K. Rawat and L. R. Duara
Characterization of Charge Transfer Adducts of Coal-Tar Pitches
M. Sato, Y. Matsui and K. Fujimoto
QI Analysis by Microwave Absorption
M. Sorlie and K. Torklep
Improvement of Puffing by the Two-Stage Calcining Method
T. Nakagawa, H. Yamasaki, H. Tanaka and R. Hishiyama
Puffing Inhibitors for Coal Tar Based Needle Coke
M. Yamada, M. Sato, K. Fujimoto, R. Yamashita and K. Shibata
ESR Investigations Related to Carbonization Tendency
L. R. Rudnick, D. R. Tueting and J. L. Sinclair
Characterization of Volatile Matter in Raw Petroleum Coke and Possibilities of In-Situ utilization for Better Yield and Properties of Calcined Product
R. K. Rawat and L. R. Dura
Oxidation-Resistance of Industrial Carbon and Graphite Grades
A. E. Kindler
An Industrial Production Process for Meso-Carbon Microbeads
Y. Nakagawa, K. Fujita and M. Mori
Reactive Carbon as an Intermediate for the Industrial Production of Hydrogen or Methane
L. J. Velenyi and J. E. Metcalfe
Further Study on the Influence of Some Carbon Particles in Graphite Manufacture
Lin Ding Hao
Modeling Blast Furnace Hearths
R. E. Smith and J. S. Shinko
Degradation of Properties for Thermal Shock of Graphite Electrode Subjected to Oxidation in a Steelmaking Arc Furnace
S. Sato, K. Hirakawa, S. Kiyono and Y. Inoue
Optimum Particle Size Distribution of Coke for Graphite Electrode Determined by Thermal Shock Testings
S. Sato, M. Ishihara, K. Hirakawa, S. Kiyono and Y. Inoue
Temperature and Stress DIstribution on Carbon Electrodes for Silicon Metal Production Under Transient Temperature Conditions
P. D'Ambrosio and I. Letizia
Carbon/TiB2 Composites for Aluminum Reduction Cells
A. V. Cooke, L. G. Boxall, D. C. Nagle and W. M. Buchta
Methods of Producing TiB2/Carbon Composites for Aluminum Cell Cathodes
A. V. Cooke, W. M. Buchta, L. G. Boxall and D. C. Nagle
Study on the Forming Process for High-Density Carbon Blocks
E. Kitayima, T. Ishitobi and M. Kakuta
Structure and Porosity in Anodes for Aluminum Production
C. S. Latham and H. Marsh
Electrochemical Behavior of Carbon in the Electrolytic Evolution of Fluorine
R. T. Hough and D. M. Novak